December 11, 2021

What is epoxy flooring?

Epoxy flooring is widely used for upscale residential projects. A significant difference is the depth of epoxy. In this article, we'll explain.

What is epoxy flooring?
Epoxy flooring can be used in residential areas. It is available in various types and can include epoxy floor art. Often, people are confused when comparing epoxy flooring and epoxy floor coatings. A significant difference is the depth of epoxy.

Epoxy flooring is chemically different from regular floor paint. Resinous epoxy flooring is made up of a two-part epoxy system. It is a mixture of hardeners and polymer resins. The epoxy resin and the hardener bond with each other and the floor when properly mixed. This chemical bond results in a stiff plastic material that is exceptionally durable and resistant to degradation. Epoxy flooring must be at least two millimeters in depth.

Epoxy Flooring

Are you looking for something simple yet versatile? Go for solid epoxy floors. They offer a variety of colors that can be applied almost anywhere. Solid epoxy resin floor finishes are ideal for rooms with a solid color and void of intricate or fancy design. You will find this design in buildings, convention halls, and restaurants. It can also be a good choice for the kitchen, deck, living room, bathroom, or driveway.

Flake Epoxy Flooring

If you want more color on your basement floor, garage, or other room or surface, you can choose flake epoxy flooring. This type of floor uses acrylic chips or flakes that come in many colors, making it more artsy and decorative. As a result, it gives the surface a sleek appearance. Epoxy flooring contractors apply the multi-colored flakes when the coating is still wet, giving the surface a vibrant look. Apart from making the floor beautiful, the flakes have the advantage of making the floor less slippery. It provides more grip, which prevents falls and other accidents. This type of flooring is ideal for the kitchen, swimming pool, and places with high foot traffic.

Graveled Epoxy Flooring

This type of epoxy flooring is customizable and often includes intricate designs. If you are creative, graveled epoxy flooring is ideal for you. Homeowners frequently choose this type to add decorative details for that personalized interior décor look.

Metallic Epoxy Flooring

A metallic epoxy floor finish is an excellent option for a decorative look. This epoxy coating uses a metallic additive, allowing you to design the floor with different colors, accents, and effects. The most common design is a swirling design. Installers use a roller or a brush in twists to achieve this effect by spreading metallic pigments. If you want to add a touch of your personality to solid epoxy, include the shiny metallic finish. It can be gold, ruby, copper, or silver. This type also offers a matte finish for decorating living rooms, bedrooms, kitchens, and other spaces.

Self-Leveling Epoxy Flooring

Do you need to cover existing concrete surfaces? Choose self-leveling epoxy flooring.This type is ideal for smoothening old, cracked, and damaged concrete floors. You can also apply it to new concrete surfaces for a refined look. It’s available in many colors and is ideal for residential, commercial, and industrial use. You will find this type of flooring in sports venues, office buildings, athletic facilities, warehouses, or showrooms. It is also ideal for a garage floor with a damaged surface. It can also be used in bathrooms or kitchens.

Epoxy flooring. Ancient Modern Finishes, Bonita Springs, Florida 239-494-8888

Differences between Epoxy Flooring and Epoxy Paint

Many people use the terms epoxy coatings and epoxy paints interchangeably. However, the two are very different.

  • Epoxy flooring is highly durable, has longevity strength, and is resistant to chemicals. The two components in epoxy flooring create a reactive process that cross-links and cures the surface.
  • Epoxy paint is a latex acrylic product with only a tiny amount of epoxy in the mix.It has better adhesion and durability compared to standard paint. However, it is not even close in comparison to epoxy floor coatings.
  • Epoxy flooring contains resin and a hardener. Epoxy floor contractors mix these two parts before application. Once they have the mixture, there is a time limit and temperature constraints to apply it. The minimum application thickness is two millimeters of epoxy floor coat. This aspect makes it ideal for areas with high traffic or areas exposed to extreme temperature or heavy impact.

Chemical Resistance

Epoxy flooring is ideal for commercial areas such as restaurants since it is resistant to stains and chemicals. You can wipe the spillage without worrying that you will leave a stain. It doesn’t absorb the spillage into the surface.

Heat and Water Resistance

Choosing garage floor epoxy is ideal because it fortifies the area and blocks harmful elements. In addition, epoxy is resistant to shock-meaning crashes that will not affect the concrete. It is also heat and water-resistant. As such, it is ideal for waterproofing, making a good flooring choice for the basement.


If you install the floor properly, it will last a long time. Some brands offer a guarantee of up to ten years. It is good to look for the best epoxy resin floor installers to avoid repeating the work.


Epoxy floor coatings for concrete help enhance its ability to hold the weight. It also adds stability to the surface, helping to carry heavy loads and avoid wear and tear.


Epoxy floor offers protection as it is a sealant. It keeps the concrete below the material from wearing and tearing. As such, it works as a preservation overlay.

Covers Damage Floors

Is your old concrete floor damaged? You can use epoxy floor resin to cover these damages. It makes the surface smooth, sleek, and complete. In addition, designer metallic epoxy flooring can add a polished ambiance to imperfections and defects.


Epoxy resin flooring is affordable. Furthermore, it does not require additional sub-flooring materials, which reduces the installation cost.

Environmental Safety

Many industries and commercial projects require epoxy floor materials for safety. Investing in high-quality epoxy floor coating and garage epoxy flooring gives you a polished look with increased safety. Using anti-slip mixes helps improve traction.

Toxic Fumes

You will notice epoxy flooring has a strong smell. Sometimes, it may emit an ammonia-like smell during application. The emitted fumes are toxic and can have side effects on anyone around. They can cause inflammation in the eyes, throat, and nose and irritate the lungs. However, it does not pose a health risk once the epoxy is fully cured. We wear protective gear and keep everyone away from the area until fully dry to counter this problem.

Takes a Long Time to Harden Fully

Once installed, it takes several days for the epoxy flooring to harden fully. Epoxy flooring installers advise that the floor should be left to dry for an extended period in warm conditions. A slow curing process makes it more durable and stronger.

It’s Not a Floor on Its Own

You cannot use epoxy flooring on its own. Epoxy is typically applied on top of concrete flooring or steel. We also have epoxied wood floor. This aspect makes the material a temporary flooring solution that will need new coats if it wears. To avoid wear and tear, you need to use a professional epoxy floor contractor.

Slippery When Wet

Resinous epoxy flooring is non-porous, meaning it creates smooth surfaces. Therefore, when wet or oily, the surface can be dangerous. It is a serious disadvantage of epoxy flooring. If you have children or elderly persons in the home, it is cause for concern. However, there are ways you can mitigate this problem. The contractor can:

  • Use silica in the final coating to add more grip.
  • Get a maximum grip by adding aluminum oxide.
  • Use shark grip in the last layer to add texture and resistance.
  • For flooring that has been installed without the addition of anti-slip material, we suggest using containment mats.
Epoxy flooring, Ancient Modern Finishes.

Installation Process

The epoxy floor installation process is quite tedious. It entails removing oils, grease, or any solvents. You also need to have ideal humidity levels as moisture can damage the floor.

Cold Feeling

If you compare epoxy to hardwood floors, you will notice cold on your feet. This isa similar effect to tiles. You can solve this problem by using an underfloor heating system on your floor.

How to Install

Installing epoxy flooring in a garage is a moderately challenging project. Always look for a professional installer. Below are the steps to follow.

Ensure Your Floor is Suitable for Epoxy

Test your floor for moisture. Secure a plastic garbage bag in several areas on the floor for 24 hours. Then, lift the bag gently to see if moisture has accumulated.If it is dry, it’s okay to proceed. However, if it is not, your garage floor is not suitable for epoxy.

Then check for signs of a concrete sealer installed on the concrete. Pour a cup of water on the surface to see if it beads up. If it does, the floor is also not suitable. If the concrete slab was recently installed, wait for at least one month before epoxy resin floor installation.

Remove any existing floor paint. Do not apply epoxy over floor paint as it will not work correctly. We use soda blasting to remove paint from larger garage spaces. Once we have removed the paint effectively, we thoroughly clean the floor with water and remove the remaining powder or debris using an industrial vacuum.

Clean and Prime the Floor

In this step, we remove grease and oil stains. We use an industrial degreaser and let the floor dry. If we notice areas on the floor with rubber residue from tires, we will clean them. Fine-grit sandpaper does the job. We use an industrial-strength vacuum cleaner to remove residue debris and products. Then we use a high-pressure washer to remove the remaining impurities.

Next, we will etch the floor. We use hydrochloric acid and ensure that we follow the indicated instructions. Once we spray the floor with the diluted acid, we will wait until it stops bubbling. Using water and baking soda, we neutralize the acid and rinse the floor with a lot of water, drying it overnight. We’ll check for any cracks on the floor and use the epoxy filler to seal them.

Choose and Mix Epoxy

We will choose between water and solvent-based epoxies and decide whether to use an epoxy primer. Primers help in smoothening out imperfections on the floor. If your floor is highly porous, rough, chalky, or flaky, it is advisable to use a primer. We’ll take accurate measurements of your garage and then purchase enough epoxy flooring material for two coats. Finally, we will apply the epoxy coating by wearing protective gear. We need lung protection, gloves, good rubber boots, and eye protection.

Epoxy flooring. Ancient Modern Finishes, Bonita Springs, Florida 239-494-8888

Installing the Epoxy Flooring

The epoxy primer and standard epoxy come in two parts. Epoxy kits come pre-measured, and they have a bucket life of forty minutes. This means we have a window of forty minutes before it hardens. We’ll mix them in one batch at a time right before application. We allow the applied primer coat to cure for twelve to twenty-four hours, keeping the room well-ventilated. Using a nap roller, we will start from the back corner of the room, working towards the exit to apply the epoxy primer. We do not let the roller become too dry as we do so. We often make this work easier by using an extension on the roller.

The next step in garage floor epoxy application is applying the first epoxy coat. We use the identical nap roller and start from the back corner as we move towards the exit, keeping the coat thin and even. We’ll let the first coat cure for twenty-four hours. We need to leave the garage well-ventilated, and we’ll avoid going in the room as it dries.Before applying the second coat, we’ll inspect the floor for any problems. If there are holes or cracks, we use the epoxy filler and wait another day to dry. We can then apply the second coat and anon-skid product. Avoid going into the garage for another twenty-four hours as the second coat dries.

Where Can I Install Epoxy Flooring?

An epoxy floor is ideal for kitchens, bathrooms, garage, basement, swimming pool areas, and places with high foot traffic. We have affordable and quality products for your floor. Our epoxy floor installers will provide professional installation services.